Acrylonitrile butadiene styrene, commonly known as ABS, is a thermoplastic polymer that is widely used in various industries. It is a combination of three different monomers: acrylonitrile, butadiene, and styrene. Each monomer brings unique properties to the material, resulting in a versatile and high-performance polymer.

ABS is characterized by its exceptional strength, impact resistance, and heat resistance. These properties make it an ideal choice for applications where durability and dimensional stability are crucial. Whether it’s automotive components, household appliances, toys, or electronics, ABS offers a reliable and durable solution for manufacturers.

The combination of acrylonitrile, butadiene, and styrene plays a significant role in determining the properties of ABS. Acrylonitrile provides chemical resistance and hardness, making ABS resistant to oil, grease, and various chemicals. Butadiene enhances toughness and impact resistance, allowing ABS to withstand heavy impacts without cracking or breaking. Styrene contributes to rigidity and processability, ensuring that ABS can be easily molded into complex shapes and intricate designs.

Chemical formula (C8H8·C4H6·C3H3N)n
CAS Number 9003-56-9
IUPAC Name buta-1,3-diene;prop-2-enenitrile;styrene
Other names Acrylonitrile-butadiene-styrene terpolymer


Abs resins

Acrylonitrile butadiene styrene



butadiene styrene acrylonitrile

styrene-butadiene acrylonitrile


Molecular Weight 211.30 g/mol
Appearance Natural or opaque colors solid pellets.
Density 1.060–1.080 g/cm3 Solubility in water          Insoluble in water



ABS finds its applications in a wide range of industries due to its versatile nature and outstanding properties.

  • most common uses of ABS is in the automotive industry

It is used for manufacturing various components, including dashboard panels, interior trim, exterior body parts, and even entire car bodies. The strength, impact resistance, and heat resistance of ABS make it an ideal material for withstanding the demanding conditions of the automotive environment.

  • ABS is in the production of household appliances.

ABS is commonly used for manufacturing refrigerator liners, washing machine parts, vacuum cleaner housings, and kitchen appliances. Its chemical resistance makes it suitable for contact with food and cleaning agents, while its impact resistance ensures durability and longevity.

  • toy industry

Its strength and impact resistance make it safe for use in toys that may be subject to rough handling or accidental drops. Additionally, ABS can be easily molded into various shapes and sizes, allowing toy manufacturers to create intricate designs and vibrant colors.

  • The electronics industry

ABS is used for manufacturing computer and laptop casings, mobile phone cases, and other electronic device enclosures. Its heat resistance ensures that the components inside the devices are protected from high temperatures, while its rigidity provides structural support.

MSDS Acrylonitrile Butadiene Styrene (ABS)

Hazard(s) Identification:

Exposure: The product as shipped (pelletized) should not present a health hazard during normal handling and processing. However, fabrications and processing operations should be reviewed to avoid the generation of dusts and/or fiber particles, which may be considered hazardous.

Eyes: Solid or dust may cause irritation or cornea injury due to mechanical action.

Skin Contact: Prolonged or repeated exposure may cause skin irritation but is essentially nonirritating to the skin.

Inhalation: Dust or vapors may cause irritation.

Ingestion: May cause choking if swallowed. Single dose oral toxicity is believed to be very low.

Fire Hazards:

Dense black smoke and intense heat emit when burned without sufficient oxygen. Toxic fumes are released in fire situations. The product can form an explosive dust/air mixture.

Composition/Information on Ingredients:

First-aid Measures:

Seek immediate medical attention in case of skin or eye contact, or ingestion.

Exposure Controls/Personal Protection:

Proper protective clothing, respiratory protection, and mechanical ventilation are advised to maintain exposure levels below the hazardous level.

Physical and Chemical Properties:

Hazardous Polymerization: Will not occur.

Stability: Polymer decomposes above 300º C (572º F).

Environmental impact and sustainability of ABS

ABS is a highly durable material that can withstand harsh conditions, reducing the need for frequent replacements. This can result in a lower overall environmental footprint compared to materials that require more frequent replacements.

Additionally, ABS is recyclable. It can be melted down and reprocessed into new ABS products or other plastic products. Recycling ABS reduces the demand for virgin plastic, conserves natural resources, and reduces waste in landfills.

However, it is important to note that not all ABS products are easily recyclable. ABS products may contain additives or coatings that can complicate the recycling process.